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Claremont Medical Practice

webGP -Getting help for cold or flu from your pharmacist

If you are unfamiliar with the various treatment options for cold or flu then check out our self-help page. Remember to always discuss over the counter treatment with your local pharmacist so they can check if it is suitable for your condition and safe for you to take.

Colds in children aged 12 years and under

  • Use ibuprofen or paracetamol to lower the child’s temperature if it is raised
  • If there is a cough, a simple cough syrup should be used such as glycerol or honey and lemon
  • Children under six years should not be given products containing:
    • Antihistamines - brompheniramine, chlorphenamine, diphenhydramine, doxylamine, promethazine and triprolidine.
    • Antitussives – dextromethorphan, pholcodine
    • Expectorants – guaifenesin, ipecacuanha
    • Nasal decongestans – phenylephrine, pseudoephedrine, ephedrine, xylometazoline or oxymetazoline
  • For children aged 6 to 12 years, cough and cold medicines should only be considered after the basic principles of best care have been tried and the duration of treatment should be no more than five days.
  • Saline nose drops may be used for young babies who are having difficulty feeding
  • Vapour rubs and inhalant decongestants may be used to provide relief from a stuffy nose
  • Do not take more than the maximum daily dose of products and do not take other cough or cold products at the same time.

The following cold or flu treatments are available over the counter from your pharmacist

Pain relief

Below is a list of medication that eases pain symptoms related to cold and flu. You can obtain these from your local pharmacy without a prescription.

Active ingredient Brands

Paracetamol

This is a simple painkiller with few side effects and is safe to take with most medication.

Suitable for all ages:

Calpol (liquid)

Suitable for ages 6 and up:

Anadin Paracetamol
Hedex

Suitable for ages 10 and up:

Panadol

Suitable for ages 16 and up:

Beechams Cold & Flu capsules/sachets

Ibuprofen

This medication reduces inflammation. You should take it with food as it can cause stomach pain and is best avoided if you have a history of stomach ulcers.

Suitable for ages 3 months and up:

Nurofen (liquid)
Cuprofen (liquid)
Calprofen (liquid)

Suitable for ages 12 and up:

Anadin ibuprofen

Aspirin

This medication reduces inflammation. You should take it with food as it can cause stomach pain and is best avoided if you have a history of stomach ulcers or take medication that thins your blood.

Suitable for ages 16 and up:

Alka-Seltzer
Anadin Extra
Anadin
Disprin

Co-codamol (codeine/paracetamol)

These painkillers contain a combination of codeine and paracetamol and are suitable if your pain is not controlled by some of the simple painkillers listed above. The codeine may give you side effects such as drowsiness (which can effect driving), sickness or constipation.

Suitable for ages 12 and up:

Panadol Ultra
Paracodol

Dihydrocodeine/Paracetamol

These painkillers contain a combination of codeine and paracetamol and are suitable if your pain is not controlled by some of the simple painkillers listed above. The codeine may give you side effects such as drowsiness (which can effect driving), sickness or constipation.

Suitable for ages 12 and up:

Paramol

Codeine/ibuprofen

These painkillers contain a combination of codeine and ibuprofen and are suitable if your pain is not controlled by some of the simple painkillers listed above. The codeine may give you side effects such as drowsiness (which can effect driving), sickness or constipation.

Suitable for ages 12 and up:

Nurofen Plus
Solpadeine Max
Solpadeine Plus
Syndol

Nasal congestion

Brand
Calpol Soothe and Care Saline Nasal Spray/Drops
Calpol Blocked Nose Spray
Calpol Soothe and Care Vapour Plug and Nightlight
Covonia Vapour Drops
Dolvan Tablets
Happinose Ointment
Mackenzies Smelling Salts
Non-Drowsy Sinutab Tablets
Neurofen Sinus and Blocked Nose Tablets
Olbas Oil/Capsules/Inhaler/Pastilles
Otrivine Nasal Spray/Drops
RobiCold Sinus Relief
Snufflebabe Vapour Oil/Rub/Spray
Snufflebabe Nasal Aspirator/Drops
Sterimar
Sudafed Capsules/Spray/Liquid
Vicks Syrup/Nasal Spray/Inhaler/Capsules/VapoRub

Cold and flu symptoms

Brand
Benylin Cold & Flu capsules
Contac Non Drowsy Dual Relief Tablets
Covonia Cold & Flu Formula
Day & Night Nurse Capsules/Liquid
Lemsip
Mentholatum Vapour Rub
Multi-Action Actifed Tablets

Cough

Although some people find cough medicines helpful, medicines that claim to suppress your cough or stop you bringing up phlegm are not usually recommended. This is because there is little evidence to suggest they’re any more effective than simple home remedies such as honey and lemon with hot water.

Brand
Simple Linctus
Benylin Chesty Cough
Benylin Mucus Cough
Buttercup Syrup
CalCough syrup
Covonia Chesty Cough
Lemsip Cough Chesty
Hill’s Balsam Cough Liquid
Histalix Syrup
J Collis Browne’s Mixture
Jackson’s All Fours The Original Liquid
Kilkof Syrup
Multi-Action Actifed Chesty Coughs
Potter's Chest Mixture
Pulmo Bailly Liquid
Robitussin Chesty Cough Medicine
Sudafed Chesty Coughs with decongestant liquid
Salitair
Tixylix Syrup
Veno's Expectorant
Vicks Cough Lozenges with Honey
Veno's Cough Syrup
Veno's Honey & Lemon

Sore throat lozenges

Sore throat lozenges typically work by ‘numbing’ the pain symptoms in the affected area or by providing an anti-inflammatory action.

Brand
Beechams sore throat lozenges
Dequacaine lozenges (contains Benzocaine)
Dequadin lozenges
Dequaspray (contains Lidocaine)
Lockets
Meggezones (contains Menthol)
Merocaine lozenges (contains Benzocaine)
Merocets lozenges
Strefen
Strepsils lozenges (contains Flurbipfrofen)
Tyrozets Lozenges
Vocalzone Throat Pastilles

Sore throat sprays

Sore throat sprays similar to lozenges typically work by ‘numbing’ the pain symptoms in the affected area or by providing an anti-inflammatory action.

Brand
AAA Sore Throat Spray (contains benzocaine)
Covonia Throat Spray (contains chlorhexidine and lidocaine)
Ultra Chloraseptic Anesthetic Throat Spray (contains benzocaine)
Difflam Spray (contains benzydamine)
Difflam Sore Throat Rinse (contains benzydamine)